William H. Mosberg, Jr.
1966, San Juan
William H. Mosberg, Jr. was born on August 22, 1920 in Baltimore, Maryland. His early education was in Baltimore public schools. He graduated from high school in 1936 at the age of 15, in the midst of the Depression and there was no money for college. He enrolled in business college from which he graduated within 1 year with a proficiency in shorthand and typing both of which he continues to use regularly. After working in an iron foundry for 1 year, he began his premedical studies at the University of Maryland. After graduating from the University of Maryland School of Medicine, internship and residency training were completed at the University of Maryland Hospital. He completed the neurosurgical residency program at that institution in 1949 including 2 years as a captain in the Army of the United States in the European Theater of Operations. There followed 1 year in neurology at the National Hospital, Queen's Square; brief periods at the Radcliffe Infirmary, Oxford in neurosurgery; Hospital de la Salpetriere, Paris in neurology; and then Mercy Hospital, Loyola University Clinics, Chicago in neurosurgery. After 1 year of research in neurophysiology at the Illinois Neuropsychiatric Institute, Chicago and the Department of Electrical Engineering, Champaign-Urbana, he returned to the faculty of the University of Maryland School of Medicine and the private practice of neurosurgery in Baltimore. Through the intervening 4 decades, Dr. Mosberg has fulfilled many committee assignments; only committee chairmanships and elected offices will be mentioned. He was chairman of the Editorial Committee of the Congress of Neurological Surgeons (CNS) and editor-in-chief of Clinical Neurosurgery for the 1960, 1961, and 1962 meetings. In 1963 he was the first chairman of a CNS Socio-Economics Committee. In that capacity, he initiated the Neurosurgical Fee Survey publication for which a CNS Distinguished Service Award was subsequently granted. He was appointed chairman of the Scientific Program Committee for the 1964 annual meeting. Therefore, the completion of the Neurosurgical Fee Survey was turned over to Dr. Edward Bishop, the recipient of the Distinguished Service Award. Dr. Mosberg was elected president of the Congress of Neurological Surgeons for the 1965-1966 year. It was customary at that time for the newly elected president to give his presidential address upon assuming office. A major event in United States neurosurgery at that time was the recent proclamation by Dr. Frank Mayfield as president of the then Harvey Cushing Society that that organization should be the "spokesman for neurosurgery." Dr. Mosberg's presidential address upon assuming office had to do with the decision of the Executive Committee in this matter and was entitled "The Affirmation of a Proclamation." Subsequently, he represented the CNS on the Ad Hoc Liaison Committee to formulate the reorganization of our specialty. It was in this decade that United States neurosurgery became intensely involved in international neurosurgery. A "visiting professor" type of program involving the Christian Medical College, Vellore, South India, was funded by the Office of Vocational Rehabilitation, Department of Health, Education and Welfare. This office also funded programs in Pakistan and Egypt. Dr. Mosberg was a articipant visiting India, Pakistan, and Egypt prior to and again immediately following his tenure as president of the Congress. He was appointed representative of the Congress to CARE MEDICO in 1962 and served in that capacity as neurosurgical advisor to CARE-MEDICO for the next 2 decades when such overseas activities by CARE-MEDICO were terminated. During those years, he visited and participated in overseas programs in South Vietnam, Malaysia, Ceylon, Indonesia, Afghanistan, Tunisia, Algeria, Jordan, Dominican Republic, and Haiti. From 1972 to 1980 he was chairman of the Professional Committee and a member of the Executive Committee and Corporate Board of CARE-MEDICO. He had served in 1964 on the CNS Ad Hoc Head Injury Nomenclature Committee. In 1966 as president of the CNS he appointed (and served on) the committee producing a Glossary of Neurosurgical Operative Procedure Nomenclature. As president of the CNS he proposed and implemented the concept of the Distinguished Service Award of the CNS, and also proposed and appointed a committee to assemble the publication Utilization Guidelines, for which Dr. Walter Lockhart received the Distinguished Service Award. During his year as president of the CNS he proposed and developed plans to implement the formation of the Foundation for International Education in Neurological Surgery. During the 1965 to 1966 year, the Executive Committee of the CNS decreed that the president of the CNS should give his presidential address at the end of his term in office. For his second presidential address, Dr. Mosberg discussed his proposal for an international educational foundation. There has been continuing involvement in international neurosurgical education and in socio-economic affairs as they relate to neurosurgery. He served as secretary of the Foundation for International Education in Neurological Surgery from the inception of that organization in 1969 until he resigned from that office in 1991. He was appointed chairman of the Committee on Neurosurgical Education of the World Federation of Neurosurgical Societies in 1973 and editor of Federation News in 1982, and served in both capacities until he resigned in 1989. He has also served as chairman of a number of committees of the American Association of Neurological Surgeons (AANS) including International Affairs Committee (1976-1981), Committee on Foreign Neurosurgical Training (1976-1982), Adjunct Committee on corresponding Members (1975-1984), Coordinating Committee (1972-1973), and By Laws Committee (1974-1975). In the area of socio-economic affairs, he has been a member of the Joint Socio-Economic Committee (subsequently the Joint Council of State Neurosurgical Societies) since its inception in 1972 and chairman of its International Committee from 1975 until his resignation in 1990. He has been editor for Socio-economic Perspectives of Neurosurgery since 1978. From 1967 to 1969, he was Chairman of an ad hoc committee of the CNS to effect affiliation between the Congress of Neurological Surgeons and the Interurban Neurosurgical Society. He has been a member of the Board of Directors of the Interurban Neurosurgical Society since 1969. Dr. Mosberg was a member of the Editorial Board of the Bulletin of the School of Medicine, University of Maryland from 1957 to 1970, and of The American Surgeons from 1963 to 1988. He was elected president of the medical staff of Maryland General Hospital from 1962 to 1964 and held the same office at the University of Maryland Hospital from 1968 to 1969 and at Saint Joseph Hospital from 1976 to 1978. He was elected secretary, Maryland Chapter, of the American College of Surgeons from 1961 to 1966. He served as president of the Medical Alumni Association, University of Maryland from 1975 to 1976. He was a delegate from the American Medical Association to the Third World Conference on Medical Education, New Delhi, India in 1966. Dr. Mosberg's initial faculty appointment at the School of Medicine, University of Maryland was that of instructor in 1952. He advanced up through the ranks until he was appointed clinical professor in 1973. He held that rank until 1990 when he was promoted to emeritus clinical professor. Dr. Mosberg retired from the clinical practice of neurological surgery in 1987, and within a short time, took a full-time job with the Federal government as chief of the branch of the Social Security Administration having to do with surgical disability claims.