The Society of Neurological Surgeons (the "Senior Society") is the American society of leaders in neurosurgical residency education, and is the oldest neurosurgical society in the world. Academic department chairman, residency program directors, and other key individuals comprise the active membership of the Society. The membership is limited to 200 active members, while senior, inactive and honorary members fill out the remainder of the Society.
In accordance with Article II of the Constitution and Bylaws of the Society, the purpose of the Society in carrying on the traditions of the founding members will be:
- The continuing development of the field of neurological surgery including graduate and post-graduate education.
- To bestow recognition upon persons of outstanding ability and excellence in their work and teaching. Such recognition may be bestowed by appointment to membership or by appearance on the programs at appropriate times.
- To enhance the role and stature of neurosurgical units in academic medical centers.
- To insure that patients with nervous system disease received the highest quality of care.
- To encourage and support research in neurosciences.
One of the primary missions of the Society of Neurological Surgeons (SNS) is to coordinate with other key organizations in Neurological Surgery that are involved in resident education. These organizations include the American Board of Neurological Surgery (ABNS), the Residency Review Committee (RRC) for Neurological Surgery, the American Association of Neurological Surgeons (AANS), and the Congress of Neurological Surgeons (CNS). In its role as the program directors' society for Neurological Surgery, the SNS plays a pivotal role in determining the content and format of residency education with regard to curriculum requirements and program design.
The Society also helps set the agendas for undergraduate education preparatory to neurosurgical residency, and for both basic and clinical neurosurgical research. The Society awards the Winn Prize annually to honor a neurosurgical clinician-scientist of international stature who has demonstrated a commitment to, and substantial accomplishment in, neurosurgical research.