Director, Penn State Institute of the Neurosciences
University Distinguished Professor and Chair, Department of Neurosurgery
Professor, Department of Engineering Science and Mechanics
Department of Neurosurgery
"Issues in Neurosurgical Clinical Research"
Please note Dr. Harbaugh does not expect the RUNN Registrants to purchase this
book. But, he has found the book to be a valuable resource and has listed as a
Designing Clinical Research: An Epidemiological Approach
by Hulley, Cummings, Browner, Grady & Newman
3rd Edition, 2006, 384pp
Lippincott, Williams & Wilkins
- Comparison of Evidence of Treatment Effects in Randomized and Nonrandomized Studies
- Can the Learning Health Care System Be Educated With Observational Data?
JAMA July 9, 2014 Volume 312, Number 2
- Estimation of average treatment effects based on propensity scores
The Stata Journal (2002) 2, Number 4, pp. 358–377
- An Introduction to Propensity Score Methods for Reducing the Effects of Confounding in Observational Studies
Multivariate Behavioral Research, 46:399–424, 2011
Copyright © Taylor & Francis Group, LLC
ISSN: 0027-3171 print/1532-7906 online
- Understanding Propensity Scores
Reflections, Elaborations, and Discussions with Readers
- Demystify Statistical Significance—Time to Move on From the P Value to Bayesian Analysis
DOI: 10.1093/jnci/djq493 © The Author 2010. Published by Oxford University Press. All rights reserved. Advance Access publication on December 3, 2010
- Benson K, Hartz AJ. A comparison of observational and randomized controlled trials. N
Engl J Med. 2000;342:1878–1886.
- Britton A, McKee M, Black N, McPherson K, Sanderson C, Bain C. Choosing between
randomised and non-randomised studies: a systematic review. Health Technol Assess
- Concato J, Shah N, Horwitz RI. Randomized, controlled trials, observational studies and
the hierarchy of research designs. N Engl J Med. 2000;342:1887–1892.
Pocock SJ, Elbourne DR. Randomized trials or observational tribulations? N Engl J Med.
- Kunz R, Oxman AD. The unpredictability paradox: review of empirical comparisons of
randomised and non-randomised clinical trials. BMJ. 1998;317:1185–1190.
- Sackett DI, Rosenberg WMC, Gray JAM, Haynes RB, Richardson WS. Evidence based
medicine: what it is and what it isn't. BMJ. 1996;312:71–72.